This Briefing shows how a no-deal exit from the EU would have immediate, serious, adverse impacts on the food and agriculture sectors in Northern Ireland, and on food flows on the island of Ireland, where the sectors are now deeply integrated across the border. Even though the UK Government has said it will not impose checks or tariffs on the UK side of the Irish border, the Republic will be legally obliged as an EU member state bordering a ‘third country’ – which is what the UK will become – to apply checks to guarantee the safety and integrity of foods entering the EU. This briefing argues that a no-deal Brexit would put a huge burden on food businesses trading across the Irish border, as there would be no resources or procedures in place to help them with mounting costs and paperwork. This will lead to a disruption in food supply and will have an impact on consumers, especially those on low incomes. The briefing recommends that the Government and all parliamentarians work to avert a no-deal Brexit; that effective governance be restored to Northern Ireland as soon as possible; and that public and Local Authorities be given the resources they need to fulfil the new regulatory requirements.